Net-zero steel is possible,
but it means that by the end of this decade
all new & retrofit facilities globally must be clean

The production of steel generates significant greenhouse gas emissions and is the largest single industrial global emitter after cement.   In our efforts to move to a net zero-carbon world, steel has historically been treated as “hard to abate” or part of the “last 20% of emissions.”  The objective of the Net-zero Steel Project is to counter this assumption and show instead that a decarbonization pathway for steel by 2050 is possible globally using technologies that are currently commercial, near-commercial and at the advanced pilot stage.  

Facility level pathways by country are laid out that not only consider processes within each production facility but also the potential for solar & excess hydropower electricity generation and the availability of CO2 storage locations that can facilitate the transition to near zero carbon.  A downloadable one page summary, policy brief, technical report, and country data sorted by facility are available. Ultimately this project seeks to provide a starting point for stakeholders to work towards net-zero targets and develop strategies that can support this transition through coordinated global innovation and commercialization policies and nationally appropriate uptake policies.

CN | EN | JP | KR
One Page Summary
The why and how of net-zero steel.
A summary of what we found, and how.
Dr. Chris Bataille, Seton Stiebert P.Eng, and Dr. Francis Li CEng
CN | EN | JP | KR
Policy Summary
How do we achieve net-zero steel?
A short summary of policy needs and options.
Dr. Chris Bataille, Seton Stiebert P.Eng, and Dr. Francis Li CEng
Technical Report
Facility level net-zero steel pathways: Technical report on the first scenarios of the Net-zero Steel Project.
The whole enchilada – an overview of our approach, full results and detailed methodology.
Dr. Chris Bataille, Seton Stiebert P.Eng, and Dr. Francis Li CEng

An overview of the Net-zero Steel Project, presented by Dr. Chris Bataille

Main partners

We stand on the shoulders of giants. This project is an arm’s length project of Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (, and it was made possible by an initial database of global steel facilities established by the Global Energy Monitor

Please contact Dr. Chris Bataille at  with any question.